Document Type : Research Paper
Comparative studies approach has a significant place in many branches of Social Sciences. Furthermore, employing this approach in political studies has an effective role in the correct comprehension as well as explanation of political issues. However, due to their deductive or generalist feature, the well known theories of comparative politics have not been able to contain accurate feature together with comprehensiveness. These theories, at both paradigms of positivism and determinism, which encompass theories of System, Culture, Development, Class and Political Economy, have not been able to establish an accurate and comprehensive framework according to which comparing political issues would be possible. While discussing and criticizing the anthological, epistemological and methodological foundations, this paper discusses the Security System as an alternative framework to study comparative politics as well as its theoretical and conceptual elements.