Document Type : Research Paper
With the end of the Cold War and the growing importance of economic factors in the assessment of national capacity and security situation considerations have gained more importance in the analysis of the countries’ security conditions and the explanation of the security regime governing the international system. On this basis, this article aims at processing the national security parameters from the political economy perspective and studies various dimensions of the theoretical relationship and objective interaction between the countries’ national security policy and their economic capabilities. It also particularly tests the hypothesis that with the elevation of the status of political economy in the states’ national security, attention can be paid to ecopolitical analysis of national security along with realist or idealist analysis. Therefore, different aspects of such an analysis may be categorized as in the security role of current capital and security margin of indebted nations and the problem of investment, the impact of just distribution of revenues on social stability and security, change in the security and political treatment of regional and international contenders by rivals through economic and trade awards and punishments, the spread of aspects of structural violence in the international setting due to asymmetrical economic ties between the core and periphery of world economy and dual interaction of national wealth and military power. Hence, distinction between national security strategy as high politics and political economy considerations as low politics will be misguiding and scientifically invalid to make.