Changes in the Indian Foreign Policy: From the Third World Orientation to Economic Pragmatism

Document Type : Research Paper



From 1947 until end of 1980s, India had taken a third world orientation in its
foreign policy; however, it has consequently inclined towards economic
pragmatism. Therefore, the question is that what reasons have led India
towards this change. In response, the author raises the hypothesis that:
demise of ethical orientation; growth of nationalistic views, realism and
liberalism in the country, structural changes of the international system and
replacement of bi-polar system with a uni-polar one and finally the Chinese
military and economic rapid growth have cause the said change in the Indian
foreign policy. This paper illustrates the reasons and uses the theory of
balance of interests.


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