Governance of National Security in the Light of the Theory of Legalization of Politics: Optimizing the Role of the Judiciary in Governing National Security

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Allameh Tabataba'i University

2 Phd Student


National security, in modern definitions, in addition to the classical components of
security such as the absence of external threats, is closely interacting with the stability
and survival of the political system and governance and includes components that
focus on citizens, such as civil rights, public trust, political legitimacy and Economic
efficiency. On the other hand, in looking at this concept, the ratio of each of the pillars
of sovereignty should be measured and adjusted with it, and the judiciary is one of the
pillars of sovereignty. Given the main function of the judiciary in establishing justice,
it can be considered the most important element of governance in achieving political
legitimacy, protection of citizens' rights and the efficiency of executive institutions, all
of which lead to the establishment and strengthening of national security. The present
article, by emphasizing this position of the judiciary, examines its performance in
providing national security. Accordingly, the judiciary, on the one hand, will help < br />strengthen national security by providing judicial security, which requires the rule of
law, judicial independence and respect for civil rights, and all of which are modern
requirements of national security. On the other hand, the role of this power in
governing national security has been studied during a phenomenon called policy
judicialization. The connection of the concept of judicial oversight with the executive
and political processes in the world has led to the formation of the phenomenon of
judicial legalization. In the present article, the relationship between the judicialization
of politics and the expansion of the oversight powers of the judiciary to achieve greater
and stronger national security has been examined.


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