A New Attitude Toward Security and China's Comprehensive Security Approach

Document Type : Research Paper




The study is aimed at investigating the attitude adopted by the Chinese toward the issue of security. The main question is what approach and methods China has employed in recent decades to provide security in the country. The researchers argue that the new generation of Chinese leaders have realized the ineffectiveness of a negative attitude to security in this era and have adopted a positive stance in this regard, which calls for a comprehensive security approach and cooperation with the international community to address security challenges and ensure security. This way they have managed to deal with many of domestic and foreign security challenges at a lower cost.


Main Subjects

بلیس، جان اسمیت استیو (1383) جهانی‌شدن سیاست: روابط بین‌الملل در عصر نوین (زمینة تاریخی، نظریه‌ها، ساختارها و فرآیندها) (جلد اول)، ترجمه ابوالقاسم راه‌چمنی و دیگران، تهران: انتشارات موسسه ابرار معاصر.
چن، جیان فنگ (1390) تمرین مین: پرورش قدرت نرم، در: مینگ جینگ لی، قدرت نرم چین، ترجمه عسگر قهرمان‏پور بناب، تهران: دانشگاه امام صادق.
خضری، رؤیا (1389) استراتزی امریکا در قبال چین، ماهنامه آسیا پاسفیک، شماره 253.
سازمند، بهاره و بایزیدی، رحیم (1391)، قدرت نرم چین و خیزش مسالمت آمیز چین در جنوب شرق آسیا، فصلنامه مطالعات سیاسی، سال چهارم، شماره 16.
سازمند، بهاره و ارغوانی پیرسلامی، فریبرز (1391)، چین و چالش تصور تهدید جنوب شرق آسیا، مجله سیاست، شماره 23.
سعیدآبادی، محمدرضا و محروق، فاطمه (1392) راهبرد امنیت ملی چین، پژوهش‌های روابط بین‌الملل، دوره نخست، شماره نهم.
شاپوری مهدی، موسوی شفایی، مسعود و سلطانی نژاد، احمد (1396) نسبت امنیت و توسعه؛ الزامات سیاست خارجی، فصلنامه مطالعات راهبردی، سال بیستم، شماره دوم.
شاهنده، بهزاد (1382) اصلاحات چینی برای چینی‌هاست، ماهنامه گزارش، شماره 149.
شاهنده، بهزاد (1395) چالش پیش رو در تبدیل قدرت چین به یک قدرت تمام‌عیار، همشهری دیپلماتیک، شماره 90.
شریعتی‏نیا، محسن (1383) چین تائید مجدد استراتژی دفاعی، مرکز تحقیقات استراتژیک.
شریعتی‏نیا، محسن (1388) چین و قدرت‌های بزرگ، در سایت فصلنامه روابط خارجی.
شفیعی، نوذر و کمالی‏زاده، یونس (1389) تبیین روابط چین و امریکا در برابر سازمان شانگهای بر اساس موازنه نرم، فصلنامه مطالعات اوراسیای مرکزی، سال سوم، شماره 7.
قنبرلو، عبدالله (1394) مبانی سیاست خارجی تطبیقی: بررسی سه الگوی ایران، ترکیه و چین، پژوهشکده مطالعات راهبردی.
مشیرزاده، حمیرا (1390) تحول معنایی مفاهیم در روابط بین‌الملل، در: حمیرا مشیرزاده و نبی‏الله ابراهیمی، تحول مفاهیم در روابط بین‌الملل، تهران: پژوهشکده مطالعات راهبردی، چاپ دوم.
ویلیامز، پل دی. (1392) درآمدی بر بررسیهای امنیت، ترجمه علیرضا طیب، تهران: انتشارات امیرکبیر.
Antonescu, Mădălina (2015) The New Chinese Security Concept and the “Peaceful Rise of China”, as two basic pillars of the contemporary Chinese, Foreign Policy, Polis – Journal of Political Science.
Bath, Vivienne (2012) National Interest and National Security – Foreign Direct Investment in Australia and China, Sydney Law Review, Vol. 34, No. 1.
 Beeson, Mark (2005) ‘Rethinking regionalism: Europe and East Asia in comparative historical perspective’, Journal of European Public Policy, Vol. 12, No. 6.
 Burgman, Paul (2016) Xi Jinping's Asian Security Dream, The Diplomat.  
China’s Military Strategy (2015), https://jamestown.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/China%E2%80%99s-Military-Strategy-2015.pdf.
China's Position Paper on the New Security Concept (2002), http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/ce/ceun/eng/xw/t27742.htm
ferchen, Matt (2016), China, Economic Development a Global Security, Carnegie–Tsinghua Center for Global Policy, No. 8.
General Assembly (2016) Position Paper of the People's Republic of China at the 71st Session of the United Nations.
He, kai. and feng, Huiyun (2008) "prospect theory and taiwan crises" paper presented at the annual meeting of the isa's 49th annual convention, bridging multiple divides.
hines, Lincoln (2012) Change and Continuity in Chinese Strategic Culture – Chinese Decisionmaking in the Taiwan Strait, American University.
Hui, Sylvia (2011) Engaging an Emerging Superpower: Understanding China as a Foreign Policy Actor, Asia Programme Paper.
Hund, Mark. (2003), ‘ASEAN Plus Three: Towards a New Age of Pan-East Asian Regionalism? A Skeptic’s Appraisal’, The Pacific Review, Vol.16, No. 3.
Iliev, Andrej& Ivanova, Elena & Petreski, Drage (2015) Ussr-China Relations in the Cold and Post-Cold War Era, Published wulfenia journal, Vol. 22, No. 3.
Jakobson, Linda (2013) China’s Foreign Policy Dilemma, Lowy Institute for International Polic, www.lowyinstitute.org.
 Ji, You (2008) China New Diplomacy, Foreign Policy, and Defense Strategy, Part of the Series Palgrave Series in Asian Governance.
Kejin, Zhao (2015) China’s National Security Commission, Carnegie-Tsinghua Center for Global Policy.
Kumar, Anil (2012) New Security Concept of China: An Analysis, Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies.
Lampton, David M. (2015) Xi Jinping and the National Security Commission: Policy Coordination and Political Power, Journal of Contemporary China, Vol. 24, No. 95
Loke, Beverley (2009) Between the Interest and Responsibility: Assessin China's Foreign Policy and Burgeoning Global Role, Asian Security, Vol. 5, No. 3.
Masayuki, Masuda (2011) China’s Peacekeeping Diplomacy and Troop Dispatch: A New Avenue for Engagement with the International Community, NIDS Journal of Defense and Security.
Medeiros, E. and Fravel, M. (2003) China's New Diplomacy, in: Shaun Breslin, Securing China’s Core Interests: The State of the Debate in China Zeng, Jinghan International Affairs, Vol. 91, No. 2.
Ravenhill, J. and Yang Jiang (2009), “China’s Move to Preferential Trading: A New Direction in China’s Diplomacy,” Journal of Contemporary China, Vol. 18, No. 58.
Shambaugh, David (2003) Modernizing China’s Military: Progress, Problems, and Prospects, Berkeley: University of California at Berkeley Press.
Taeho, Kim (1988) A Reality Check: The "Rise of China" and Its Military Capability Toward 2010, The Journal of East Asian Affairs, Vol. 12, No. 2.
The State Council Information Office of the People’s Republic of China (2015), China’s Military Strategy, Beijing.
Tiezzi, Shannon (2015) China's National Security Strategy, The Diplomat.
Heath, Timothy R., Kristen Gunness, Cortez A. Cooper (2016) The PLA and China's Rejuvenation: National Security and Military, RAND Corporation.
Wan, Ming (2010) The Great Recession and China’s Policy-toward Asian Regionalism, Asian Survey, Vol. 50, No. 3.
Wang, Xiao (2013) The Role of Economic Development Zones in National Development Strategies the Case of China, RAND Corporation.
Wang Zaibang (2003) “The Implications of China Revival for European & Global Governance”, www.europa.cu.int
Wang, h., Rosenau, J. (2009), China and Global Governance, Asian Perspective, Vol. 33, No. 3.
Xie, Zhihai (2011) The Rise of China and Its Growing Role in International Organizations, ICCS Journal of Modern Chinese Studies, Vol.4, No. 1.
Yang, Jian (2010) China’s Security Challenges: Priorities and Policy Implications, in: Asia Pacific Countries’ Security Outlook and Its Implications for the Defense Sector, The National Institute for Defense Studies. NIDS Joint Research Series No. 5.
Yuan, Ling Dong (1998) Threat Perception and Chinese Security Policy After the Cold War, Pacific Focus, Vol. 13, No. 1.
Zhang, Alex & Douglas Tan (2017) National Security Reviews: A global Perspective- China, https://www.whitecase.com/publications/insight
Zheng, Yongnian (2007), Harmonious Society’ and ‘Harmonious World’: China’s Policy Discourse Under Hu Jintao, China Policy Institute.