Religious democracy and societal security; A critical view on liberalism and communitarianism

Document Type : Research Paper



The idea of societal security has been proposed by Copenhagen school in recent 1990s.Later on, by broadening the concept of security, new aspects of security such as existential security is devised which can be described in context of societal security. This article, after theoretical explanation of societal security, reviews the description of liberalism, communitarianism and religious democracy from this aspect of security. He argues that, religious democracy by emphasizing on ideational aspects and focusing on congregation, and by  changing ethnical and cultural difference to variables not constant rules and emphasizing on Islamic brotherhood and rights of other non-Muslim minorities, could afford to manage societal challenges.